The idea of investing your savings is among the best ways to increase your wealth, especially if you make it a smart choice. However, the process of starting can be daunting, and beginners often make costly mistakes. Here are some helpful tips to avoid making costly mistakes in the stock market.

1. Understand the fundamentals of investing.

The stock exchange is where securities such as stocks, government or corporate bond, and exchange-traded funds are traded. It’s a type of auction where a publicly traded company sells its shares to investors as a recompense for capital. Investors buy or sell these shares based on their belief that the company value will rise or fall. The price of a share is determined by many factors which include the state of the economy, environmental disasters, war or peace and more.

2. Be sure to stick to long-term goals in investing.

Most financial experts suggest that you stay invested in the market for a long time – at least five years or more. This allows you time to build your portfolio and to withstand the inevitable losses of volatile markets. However, many new investors get swayed by short-term gains or lose their focus when the inevitable falls in the market and sell off their stocks too quickly.

3. Diversify your portfolio.

The more diversified your portfolio, the less risky it is. Diversifying your portfolio into different industries, asset classes and geographical regions is essential. It’s also important not to risk placing too much money into one company. This is referred to as “concentration risk”, and it can be fatal if the company is facing issues like regulatory issues or public relations crises.